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The seven steps of international sea shipping


The seven steps of international sea shipping are: export hauling, origin processing, export declaration, sea transportation, import customs clearance, destination processing and import transportation.


1. Export hauling


The first step in international sea shipping is export hauling, which involves the transfer of goods from the shipper to the place of operation of the freight forwarder. For the small volume of goods, freight forwarders will choose to transport them to the export hub (warehouse of origin) and wait for centralized shipment. Export haulage is usually carried by road (by truck), rail or a combination of freight, usually paid by the shipper, but can also be negotiated and paid by the consignee.


2. Export declaration


For each piece of cargo leaving the country, the relevant procedures to meet regulatory requirements. Customs declaration is the process of making a declaration and submitting the required documents to the customs. It can only be carried out by a company that is qualified and approved by the customs (the so-called customs broker).


Export declaration may be made by a qualified freight forwarder or by a customs broker directly appointed by the shipper who is not necessarily involved in any other part of the shipping process. Export declaration must be completed before the goods leave the country or, if not by the freight forwarder, usually before the goods enter the freight forwarder's warehouse of origin.


3. Processing of origin


Origin processing covers the physical handling and inspection of all goods from receipt at the warehouse of origin to shipment. Although there is a lot of work involved, it is all coordinated by freight forwarders. Simply put, when the cargo is received, the forwarder checks it (tally it), plans for loading, combines it with other cargo, loads it into a container and transports it to an export port before loading it onto a ship. During these procedures, the costs incurred are to be paid by the shipper or consignee.


4, shipping


This link is signed by freight forwarder and shipping company container transport contract, in this case the shipper or consignee is unable to get direct contact with the shipping company. To sea freight is for the account of shipper or consignee. However, it should be noted that this includes various surcharges, such as fuel surcharges, currency depreciation surcharges, etc., which are all borne by the shipper or consignee.


5. Import customs clearance


Import customs clearance usually begins before the goods arrive at the destination country. Import customs clearance shall be handled by the customs declaration bank designated by the forwarder or consignee, the declaration form shall be made, and the declaration form shall be submitted to the local customs together with relevant documents, and all formalities stipulated by the customs shall be handled. Generally speaking, the import clearance procedure must be completed before the goods leave the bonded area of the destination country.


6. Destination processing


The goods also need to be processed in the country of destination before they can be released to the consignee. Destination processing involves transferring containers from ships to shore and from ports to a freight forwarder's warehouse in the destination country. It also includes container unloading and cargo preparation for collection by the consignee. Note that in general, all fees must be paid before the goods can be received. The payer can be either the shipper or the consignee.


7. Import transportation


The final step in international shipping is to deliver the goods to the consignee. Generally speaking, the freight forwarder or the consignee designated transport company, the goods from the forwarder's warehouse to the designated receiving address, but the specific unloading is done by the consignee. Of course, you can also pay extra fees, let the freight forwarder or transportation company to operate.


In the above seven steps, there are four main participants: shipper, consignee, freight forwarder and shipping company. The shipping company is responsible for sea transportation, and the shipper or consignee cannot get in touch with it, while the freight forwarder is the main logistics supplier that the shipper or consignee deals with. Therefore, when carrying out international sea transportation of goods, it is necessary to choose a well-known, reliable and professional freight forwarder.

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